快乐8

水系是指由河流的干流和各级支流以及流域内湖泊、沼泽或地下暗河形成彼此相连的集合体,又为河系。水系的名称一般以干流的河名命名。干流为水系内的径流注入海洋或内陆湖泊的主流。直接汇入干流的河流称一级支流,汇入一级支流的...[查看详情]快乐8

水利一词最早见于战国末期问世的《吕氏春秋》中的《孝行览·慎人》篇,但它所讲的"取水利"系指捕鱼之利。 水利(34张) 约公元前104~前91年,西汉史学家司马迁写成《史记》,其中的《河渠书》(见《史记·河渠书》)是中国第一部水...[查看详情]快乐8

修建在同一河段或地点,共同完成以防治水灾、开发利用水资源为目标的不同类型水工建筑物的综合体。水利枢纽工程通常是水利工程体系中最重要的组成部分,一般由挡水建筑物(壅水)、泄水建筑物、进水建筑物以及必要的水电站厂...[查看详情]快乐8

根据世界气象组织(WMO)和联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)的《INTERNATIONAL GLOSSARY OF HYDROLOGY》(国际水文学名词术语,第三版,2012年)中有关水资源的定义,水资源是指可资利用或有可能被利用的水源,这个水源应具有足够的数...[查看详情]快乐8

用坝、堤、水闸、堰等工程,于山谷、河道或低洼地区形成的人工水域。它是用于径流调节以改变自然水资源分配过程的主要措施,对社会经济发展有重要作用。水库的建造可以追溯到公元前约3000年。早期的水库由于受技术水平的限制一般...[查看详情]

流域,指由分水线所包围的河流集水区。分地面集水区和地下集水区两类。如果地面集水区和地下集水区相重合,称为闭合流域;如果不重合,则称为非闭合流域。平时所称的流域,一般都指地面集水区。每条河流都有自己的流域,流域和水...[查看详情]快乐8

以位能、压能和动能等形式存在于水体中的能量资源,又称水力资源。广义的水能资源包括河流水能、潮汐水能、波浪能和海洋热能资源;狭义的水能资源指河流水能资源。在自然状态下,水能资源的能量消耗于克服水流的阻力,冲刷河床、...[查看详情]快乐8

水灾泛指洪水泛滥、暴雨积水和土壤水分过多对人类社会造成的灾害而言。一般所指的水灾,以洪涝灾害为主。水灾威胁人民生命安全。造成巨大财产损失,并对社会经济发展产生深远的不良影响。防治水灾虽已成为世界各国保证社会安定和...[查看详情]

旱灾指因气候严酷或不正常的干旱而形成的气象灾害。一般指因土壤水分不足,农作物水分平衡遭到破坏而减产或歉收从而带来粮食问题,甚至引发饥荒。同时,旱灾亦可令人类及动物因缺乏足够的饮用水而致死。此外,旱灾后则容易发生蝗...[查看详情]

水利工程

古代著名水利工程

  • 灵渠
  • 芍陂
  • 河套灌区
  • 宁夏古灌区

著名防洪工程

  • 黄河大堤
  • 荆江大堤
  • 京杭运河
  • 密云水库
灵渠

快乐8 zhongguogoutongzhangjiangshuixihezhujiangshuixideguyunhe。youmingdouhe、xinganyunhe。zaijinguangxizhuangzuzizhiquxinganxianjingnei。qintongyiliuguohou,xianglingnanyongbing,qinshihuangershibanian(gongyuanqian219),paijianjunyushiluzaolingquyunliang。tagoutonglexiangjianghelijiang,youyulidaibuduanzengxiugaijin,jishuzhubuwanshan,zuoyongriyizengda,shi2000yunianlailingnan(jinguangdongguangxi)yuzhongyuandiqudezhuyaojiaotongxianlu,zhizhiyuehantieluhexiangguitielutongche。lingququshouchuyonglanhebayonggaoxiangjiangshuiwei,jiangqiyigu(jinchengnanqu)tongguochuanyuefenshuilingderengongqudaoyinrulijiangshangyuanzhiliu,bingduitianranhedaojinxingkuowahezhengzhihou,rulijiang;jianglingyigu...

芍陂

shaoposhijian《hanshu·dilizhi》,xihanshepoguanzhuanguanguangaiweixiu。donghanjianchubanian(gongyuan83),wangjingxiushaopodaotian。1959nian,anhuishengwenhuajuwenwugongzuoduicengzaianfengtangyueshuibadifang,fajuechuyizuohandaishuiligongcheng(caotuyan)yizhi,bansuichutudeyouhandaidoushuiguantiechuidengwenwu。shaopozhuyaoshuiyuanshipihe。shaopoguanqumianji,zai4~13shijichangjianjizai,youguantianwanqing、guantianwuqianyuqingdengshuofa。《shuijing·feishuizhu》xiangshushaopoyuanliu,gongchengguimo,bingzhichupoyouwumen(shuikou),tunachuanliu。fazhandaosuidai,jingzhengxiuzengpiwei36men。yanxudaosongdai,zhei36shuikourengkeqidaoanzhaoshuiliangchuruzengjian、diaojieguangai...

河套灌区

conghuanghesanshenggongshuniuyinshui,guangaihetaoganhantudideziliuguangaigongcheng,zhongguozuidadeyinhuangguanqu。weiyuneimengguzizhiquxibudebayannaoermeng,xiyuwulanbuheshamoxiangjie,dongzhibaotoushijiaoqu,nanlinhuanghe,beiyiyinshanshanmaidelangshan、wulashannanluhongjishan。anlishixiguan,hetaoguanqubaokuobaoertaolegai、houtao、sanhuhesangeguanyu。zongganqushejiyinshuiliuliang565m3/s,guangaimianji1100wanmu,1987nianshiguanmianji722wanmu。1988nian,hetaoguanqupeitaogongchengjihuayikaishifuzhushishi,peitaomianjida315wanmu。

宁夏古灌区

daxingguanqudexingjian 《weishu·diaoyongchuan》zai:zaifuping(jinwuzhongxianxinan)xinansanshiliyouaishan,jiuquzishannanyinshui,guangaihexinongtian。beiweitaipingzhenjunwunian(444)bogulvzhenjiangdiaoyongzaijiuqukouxiayou,liyonghezhongshazhouzhuba,bingkaiqusishili,xiahejiuqu,guantiansiwanyuqing,shichengaishanqu。《shuijingzhu》jizai,huangheziqingtongxiayixiahaixianghedongfenshui,guangainongtian。tangdainingxiayinhuangguanquyoubogulvqu、hanqu、huqu、yushiqu、baijiaqu、guangluqu、shangshuqu、qijiqu、tejinqudeng。beisongqianqiningxiayiduweixixiazhengquansuozaidi。《songshi·xiaguochuan》zai: jinyinchuan、lingwuyidaiyoutanglaiqu、hanyanqu,wuhan...

黄河大堤

huangheganliuzaishangyougansushengheningxia、neimengguzizhiquheduanjunsheyoudifang。xiayouzaihenanshengmengjinxianyixia,youandadiyouliangduangongzhang604.8km,jihenanshengzhengzhoushimangshanjiaoxiazhishandongshengliangshanxianxuzhuangzhang348.2km;jinanshisongzhuangzhikenlixianershiyihuzhang256.6km。pingyinhezhangqingxianweishanlingwudifang。zuoandadiyousanduangongzhang718.8km,jihenanshengmengxianzhongcaopozhifengqiuxianewanzhang171.1km;henanshengzhangyuanxiandachejidaotaiqianxianzhangzhuangzhang194.5km;shandongyangguxiantaochengbuzhilijinsiduanzhang 353.2km。yishanglianganlinhuanghegandigong1323.6km,mengjinxianhaiyou7.6kmdedifang。weifangzhidaoguantianranwenyanqu,haixiushouguanmengdi9.3...

荆江大堤

zhangjiangliujinghubeishengjingzhoudiqu,shangqizhichengxiazhichenglingjiyue340kmdeheduanchengweijingjiang。jingjiangzuoanjiangdi,shangqijianglingxianzaolingang,xiadijianlixianchengnan,zhang182.35km,chengweijingjiangdadi(jiancaitu)。dadizhijiebaohujingbeipingyuan500wanrenkouhe800wanmugengdi,yijixuduochengzhenheqitazhongyaoziyuandefanghonganquan。rudahongshuishijingjiangdadikuijuehaijiangweixiehannan、hanbeiliangqu460wanren、860wanmugengdihewuhanshiyijijitiaotielu、gonglujiaotongganxian。yinci,jingjiangdadibeilieweizhangjiangfanghongzhongdianquebaodi。

京杭运河

快乐8 congbeijingzhihangzhoudeyunhe。quanzhang1790kmyishang。chunqiushikaishikaizao,yuandaizuihoukaitong。jingbeijing、hebei、tianjin、shandong、jiangsu、zhejiangliushengshi,bahaihe、huanghe、huaihe、zhangjiangheqiantangjiangwudashuixilianxichengyigetongyideshuiyunwang,shigudainanbeijiaotongdezhudongmai。

密云水库

zhongguobeijingshijiaozuidadeshuiku,shizhilichaohehebaihedeyixiangzhuyaogongchengcuoshi。kuquweiyubeijingdongbei,kuayuechao、bailianghe,dishuishifenchengchaohehebaiheliangku,gaoshuishiheerweiyi,kongzhiliuyumianji15788km2,zhanquanliuyumianjide88%。shuikuzongkurongwei43.75yim3,duonianpingjunlaishuiliang14.9yim3,xiduoniandiaojieshuiku。shuniuderenwushifanghong、guangaiheweibeijingshigongshui,bingjiehefadian。gongchengyu1958nian9yuekaigong,1959nianxunqilanhong,1960nian9yuejibenjiancheng。

百科书推荐

《中国水利百科全书》

《zhongguoshuilibaikequanshu》wenshi10yunianlai,zhongguojingjishehuijiankangchixufazhan,jidadicujinleshuilishiyedefazhan。


访问量统计 | 排行榜 | 网站声明 | 网站地图

京ICP备14010557号 ©中华人民共和国水利部版权所有:快乐8_快乐8软件--国际品牌

快乐8shuilibuzongji:   wangzhanlianxidianhua:   dizhi: beijingshixichengqubaiguangluertiao2hao

zhengfuwangzhanbiaoshima: bm20000001    tougaoxinxiang: webmaster@blicbx.com

 
      

shuilibuguanwang

快乐8_快乐8软件--国际品牌 极速赛车_极速赛车app官方版[首页最快线路√] 重庆快乐十分_重庆快乐十分投注-专业购彩APP 河北快三_河北快三一定牛|信誉平台 时时彩_时时彩欢彩网_最佳信誉官网 秒速飞艇_秒速飞艇彩票-欢迎您 香港赛马_香港赛马官网-欢迎您 pc28官网_pc28软件下载〖2020购彩首选〗 五分赛车_五分赛车开奖官网-点击进入>! 快三平台_快三彩票官网-[平台最快线路√] 河南快三_河南快三投注|平台-Welcome